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Dr. Khalil Ahmad


Khalil Ahmad holds a Ph.D. in philosophy and is currently devoted to economic studies. He is the founder and Executive Director of the Alternate Solutions Institute, Pakistan’s first free-market think tank.

The State of the Rule of Law in Pakistan - I

The greatest affliction that can happen to a nation is that its institutions brazenly indulge in activities other than what they are supposed to be involved in by general consensus or assigned to them by law or constitution. Thus, they defy their own raison detre. One such institution is government.

A State that Took over Society

During the 1970s, Pakistan went in for wholesale nationalization of its private enterprises, taking even educational institutions into the state’s hands. This was a move laden with far-reaching and unforeseeable consequences. Some are still being unveiled today. It changed not only the economic and political, but also the social, intellectual and moral landscape of the country for generations to come.

The Kings Among Us

This article argues that judging rulers on the basis of their individual qualities or the circumstances of their lives is inconsistent with the norms of governance; what needs to be judged, in the first instance, is that whether they uphold the rule of law or not. Obviously, it is rule of law that is the greatest supporter of ordinary people and have-nots. Hence, one who plays with the rule of law, one who defies it, one who makes a travesty of it, never deserves any sympathy be he Saddam Hussein or someone else!

An Analysis of Pakistan's Score: Economic Freedom of the World 2006 Annual Report

According to the Fraser Report, "the key ingredients of economic freedom are personal choice, voluntary exchange, freedom to compete, and protection of person and property. ('Along with formulating and implementing policies consistent with these ingredients')...economic freedom also requires governments to refrain from many activities.

Poor Show

Over a period of five years between 1999-2004, the government of Pakistan spent Rs.1 trillion on poverty reduction. According to the Finance Ministry, Poverty Reduction Special Programme included budgetary and non-budgetary expenditures both by the federal and provincial governments.

The Price of Controlling Prices

This article argues that the administrative and judicial measures only put consumers at the mercy of the manipulated market. They make him the poor consumer, not the Consumer King! Because they never let him realize that it is the consumer himself who can alone fix and control prices! They never let him know where to shop to buy happiness!

Economic Freedom of the World 2005 Annual Report: Special Pakistan Edition

Economic Freedom of the World is the most comprehensive index of economic freedom in the world and the only that uses reproducible measures for peer-reviewed research. The 2005 Annual Report explores the evolution of economic freedom over the last quarter century and the impact of economic freedom on people's lives.

Economic Freedom of the World 2004 Annual Report: Special Pakistan Edition

Economic Freedom of the World is the most comprehensive index of economic freedom in the world and the only that uses reproducible measures for peer-reviewed research. The 2004 Annual Report explores the evolution of economic freedom over the last quarter century and the impact of economic freedom on people's lives.

Tax-evasion and Money-laundering in Pakistan: An Overview

"There is no business in Pakistan today which can be run without paying bribes to the ministers and secretaries." Yusuf Haroon, a businessman [Quoted in Shahid-ur-Rehman] The economy of Pakistan is heavily regulated and controlled by the government. The ever-increasing burden of taxes and regulations has given rise to a parallel economy (usually termed as black economy) of which tax-evasion and money-laundering are two significant phenomena.

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